Physical backups are backups of the physical files used in storing and recovering your database, such as datafiles, control files, and archived redo logs. Ultimately, every physical backup is a copy of files storing database information to some other location, whether on disk or some offline storage such as tape.
on physical backup, can be the cold
What is cold backup in Oracle?
Cold backup. A cold backup is taken by shutting down the database first, and then backing up all data, log and control files of the database. Because the database has to be shut down first, this is also referred to as offline backup.